Space Invaders is an arcade
video game designed by Tomohiro Nishikado and released in
1978. It was originally manufactured and sold by Taito in
Japan, and was later licensed for production in the United
States by the Midway division of Bally. Space Invaders
is one of the earliest shooting games and the aim is to
defeat waves of aliens with a laser cannon to earn as many
points as possible. In designing the game, Nishikado drew
inspiration from popular media: Breakout, The War
of the Worlds, and Star Wars. To complete it, he
had to design custom hardware and development tools.
It was one of the forerunners of modern
video gaming and helped expand the video game industry from
a novelty to a global industry (see golden age of video
arcade games). When first released, Space Invaders
was very successful.